7 Best Home Water Filters in 2021 (In-Depth Reviews)
Your drinking water can be filled with water contaminants, pollutants, and organic compounds. Your water source can be filled with pesticides, herbicides, cysts, TDS (Total Dissolved Solids), and a whole array of other issues. This is why water treatment systems can be important.
Here is an article by the Water Quality Association that lists all the contaminants often found in the US water supply.
In terms of water filters, there are many different types. Countertop filters, pitcher filters, water softeners, whole house filter systems, reverse osmosis filters, faucet filters and under sink filters are the types covered in this guide. Find the top pick for each type below.
With the amount of water we consume, it is no wonder that we would like a high-quality purifier in order to get the best quality water we possibly can. So we have put together this buying guide with the best home water filters on the market in 2021 so you can get started today!
7 Best Water Filters of Each Type - Overview
Here's an overview of the best water filters of each type (keep scrolling for detailed breakdowns with notable features):
- Certified filtration: The pitcher is NSF 42 certified for the reduction of chlorine, taste and odor. It is also NSF 372 certified for lead-free material. Using 7-stage water filter technology, this...
The Waterdrop Chubby Water Filter Pitcher is the most recommended water filter pitcher. Despite its smaller size (when compared to other filters on this list), this Waterdrop product contains a 7-stage filtration process that is also capable of removing sulfur from your drinking water at 10 times the rate of other filters. This filter will last you for 200 gallons of water and can be put right there in your fridge door.
You should be mindful to soak this product in cold water before you start using it. There are a few downsides to this product - this water filter pitcher does not come with a silicone-ribbed base so it might be prone to slipping, and this product is not able to remove organic fluoride, only inorganic fluoride.
- 2.25 GALLON CAPACITY- The portable Big Berkey Purification System effortlessly purifies water for about 1-4 people each day. Add additional Black Berkey Purification Elements (the Big Berkey System...
As opposed to the previously mentioned iSpring system, the Big Berkey Gravity-Fed Water Filter is the best countertop water filter, meaning it will be placed on top of your kitchen counter. This is a gravity filter, meaning there will be no electricity required as well as no plumbing required. It also skips the need to be connected to a water source. The filter has a lifespan of 6000 gallons and can hold 2.25 gallons of filtered water at a time. This product can also be used to filter well water.
There is a downside to this system as there is with countertop systems - since this filter uses only gravity as its filtering method and requires you to put in the water yourself, you will not be able to get instantly filtered water at any time. However, this filter is easily portable, meaning you are able to have a certain degree of freedom with this product that you otherwise would not with other types of water filter systems.
- Provide your family with visibly clean, great-tasting water for drinking, cooking and more
The Culligan FM-15A Faucet Mount Filter is the best faucet water filter. It is a lovely, compact type of water filter that can be easily screwed onto your faucet and will last you for around 200 gallons, or 4 to 6 months. It is another ANSI (American National Standards Institute) certified product that will remove chlorine, lead, sediment, lindane, and particulates class I elements from your drinking water.
When you purchase this product, you will receive common faucet adapters for an easy installation process (that also requires no tools). The only real downsides to this system is that Culligan replacement filter cartridges can be a bit more expensive than other brands, and there is also no electronic filter change indicator, meaning you will have to watch out for when you are meant to replace them.
The SpringWell Well Water Filter and Salt Based Water Softener is the best water softener, and a great water filter for well water. Note that if you're looking for a water softener that is not salt based, you should go to our list of the best salt-free water softeners.
It is an extremely powerful filter that not only removes the usual contaminants you find in your tap water but goes another step further and removes iron, manganese, and hydrogen sulfide as well. In case that was not enough, this water filtration system doubles as a salt-based water softener that will create soft water by removing hard minerals through an ion-exchange process. This can be especially helpful in prolonging the lifespan of your pipes as well as your home’s water-based appliances.
This filter comes with a regeneration process, meaning it will require much less maintenance by you and your family. It has a flow rate of 20 GPM (gallons per minute) and it has a compact and modern design that is especially appealing. On the off chance that you find yourself not satisfied with this product, SpringWell offers a 6-month money-back guarantee which is really just the cherry on top of the cake.
- Supplies clean, healthy water to every faucet in your home
The Aquasana 500,000 Gallon Well Water Rhino is the absolute best whole house well water filter. It is similar to the SpringWell product mentioned above in that it is not only a water filter but a water softener as well, although this system requires no salt for the water softening process. This Aquasana product is NSF (National Science Foundation) certified and boasts a 90-day money-back guarantee.
As its name suggests, this product has a capacity of 500,000 gallons of water. The only real issues you might encounter with this product is that it might produce a lower water flow rate and that you also will have to purchase additional fittings in order to complete the installation.
- PREMIUM QUALITY U.S. BRAND: The NU Aqua Platinum Series has gone through rigorous development and testing in our lab to provide consistent great tasting, clean and healthy water on demand. Featuring...
The NU Aqua 7 Stage Reverse Osmosis System is the best reverse osmosis, or RO, filter that the market has to offer. It is a 5-stage filter that boasts three special qualities: a UV filter light that will help destroy bacteria and other microorganisms, an alkaline filter that will add beneficial minerals back into your water, and a booster pump that will make sure your system is extra efficient and produces less wastewater. It is a high-capacity filter that can go through 100 gallons of water per day without slowing down your water pressure.
When you purchase this product, you will be granted a 5-year manufacturer warranty as well as lifetime support from NU Aqua. Another little bonus that comes with this product is that it will come with a free digital PPM meter water tester so you can actually test the quality of your water yourself.
- SUPERIOR PERFORMANCE: The advance 4-stage design, which includes both Ultrafiltration and KDF/GAC stages removes up to 99% of most problematic pollutants such as chlorine and chlorine treatment...
The iSpring CU-A4 4-stage Under Sink Water Filter is, as the name suggests, the best under sink water filter. It has a fantastic price-to-quality ratio and it will offer you a 4-stage filtration process that will get rid of 99 percent of all the contaminants in your water as well as any bad smells. This product is easy to install and can be connected to your fridge with snap-on fittings. This under sink water filter is both NSF (National Science Foundation) and ANSI (American National Standards Institute) certified.
When you purchase this product, you will receive a 1-year manufacturer’s warranty and access to 24/7 support, which you might only need every 6 to 12 months when the filters will need to be replaced. The only downside to this system is that it is not effective in eliminating fluoride from your drinking water.
There are too many things that can be in your water. There is sediment, chemicals, heavy metals, large particles, rust, dust, sand, chlorine, VOCs (volatile organic compounds), TDS (total dissolved solids), chemicals, and impurities that can harm you, your family, and your pipes. It can also make your water taste and smell bad. For some homes, it can be imperative to purchase a water filter so you can improve the kind of water you are feeding yourself and your family.
There are many different types of water filters that take care of different contaminants in your home. They can have a pre-filter, an activated carbon filter, a carbon filter (with a carbon block), a coconut shell filter, a KDF filter and they can be certified to NSF (National Science Foundation) standards, ANSI (American National Standards Institute) standards, the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), the WQA (Water Quality Association).
It is very important that you choose wisely and spend some time reading about which one would be best for your home. Maybe you need one with a UV filter so it can take care of pesky bacteria and viruses. Maybe you would like an alkaline booster to get water with a higher pH. Maybe you want a water softener so it can make sure hard water does not ruin your water pipes as well as your water-based appliances (kettles, washing machines, dishwashers). What is for certain, however, is that a water filter is something you most definitely should want in your home.
Bonus tip: Check out this Youtube video about a homemade water filter that shows you the inner workings of a water filter!
Water Filter Buying Guide
Everyone knows tap water can be tricky. There are always contaminants that can make you and your family sick, and if you have the ability to, it is never a bad idea to try and take care of it. Water is one of the most important things in your life, so why not try and get the best water for the people that you love?
This is why water filters are important. They can help you take care of your water issues straight through your faucet without any issues with either installation or maintenance. They can be life-saving or they can simply be life-improving.
Think about how much you use water in your home. You use it to wash your clothes, to wash your dishes, to wash your home, to wash yourself. Finally, you use it to drink. You use it for one of the most basic human needs, possibly only second to air and breathing. If you have a chance to make your water the best it can be, then you should definitely take it.
So let’s dive into the world of water purifiers, and why they are important. What do they do? How do they do it? Why would you need one? And finally, out of the gigantic amount of options out there on the market, which should you choose and why? If you want an answer to all these questions, then this is the article for you. We will do a deep dive into this world for you and get you ready to purchase the best water filter for yourself and your family. After you are done with the reading, you can check Amazon with all your new-found knowledge of water treatment systems, or check out Water Filter Authority for more info on this subject.
Why Would I Want A Water Filter?
The most important thing to understand when it comes to water treatment systems is to understand what is actually in your drinking water. There are many things mixed into your tap water, some of which are just inconvenient, others that are downright toxic. So let’s see what it is that could possibly be in there, and explore a little bit of what they could possibly do to you and your body (as well as your family’s bodies). Here is a list of some of the things that could be in your drinking water and could possibly hurt you:
- Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
- Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)
- Inorganic chemicals
- E. coli bacteria
- Coliform bacteria
- Fecal matter
- Microbial pathogens
- Radioactive contamination
- Agricultural and industrial chemicals
Most people are aware that drinking contaminated water could be really bad for you. It is a question people ask often when they travel - is the tap water safe here? Can I drink straight from the tap? In many places, the answer is yes. However, even if the answer is yes, there is still always a possibility that a regular, non-dangerous amount of pollutants could still hurt you, especially if you are immunocompromised, older, or just generally more prone to infections or health problems. If you want to be a responsible, well-informed homeowner, then it is important to know how much drinking contaminated water can harm you. This is the reason why we have compiled this shortlist on some of the issues you can get from drinking contaminated tap water:
- Gastrointestinal problems
- Intestinal or stomach cramping
- Intestinal or stomach aches and pains
Another significant benefit of purchasing a water filter is that you would save a considerable amount of money on regular, plastic water bottles. The majority of people in the United States (as well as all over the world) purchase water bottles, whether it is simply for the better water taste, or for actual health-related reasons. Sometimes you get a water bottle just out of pure convenience, but most of the time, people purchase water bottles for the simple reason that they believe it is cleaner, or healthier.
Especially if you have a large family, consistently buying bottled water for all the members of your household can get fairly expensive. For the average family (one that gets through 2 to 3 bottles of water a day), annual costs can easily exceed 500 dollars, which is a high price to pay for clean, pure water. This means that unless you have an extraordinarily large home and you live alone, the cost of getting a water filter delivered and installed in your home turns out to be much less than just buying water bottles all of the time. You can check out this article on The Water Project that talks about this issue and more.
Another great benefit of a water filtration system, which is directly linked to the previous benefit that we mentioned, is that you would also be helping the environment. Most people understand just how awful and just how urgent the threat of climate change is. This issue is always on the news, and it seems that every year the deadline to do something about it gets tighter and tighter. It is often hard to understand what you, as a regular human being, can do about any of it. Purchasing a water filter could be a genuine way of doing something about it, while also doing something for yourself. You will purchase and use fewer water bottles, which discard a ridiculous amount of plastic into the environment. You can get one of those environmentally friendly water bottles and feel good about doing something nice for the world we all share.
On the more practical side, you can also spend less time and less money dealing with plumbing issues. There are several kinds of minerals, heavy metals, and chemicals in your water supply that can cause corrosion and other types of damage to your pipes, as well as to all of your water-using appliances. Getting a water filter can take care of these impurities, and not only further the lifespan of your pipes and appliances, but make sure you need a lot less maintenance throughout their lifespan too.
Another health-related benefit that might be important to you - if you have sensitive skin, if you experience skin irritations, or if you have skin conditions such as eczema or psoriasis - then having a water filter installed in your home can lessen and help improve these conditions. Contaminated water can be bad for your skin, so taking care of it could genuinely lower your skincare costs for the year. This article on Healthline delves the harm of cleaning your face with tap water as well if you would like to do some further reading. Another thing is that your soap will work much, much better. Just as contaminated water can make your clothes washing and your showering much less effective, it can also make your dishwashing harder as well. On the other hand, limescale, which is a white, chalky buildup that happens at the bottom of your water-using appliances such as a water kettle, will be very greatly reduced.
How Do Water Filters Work?
There are four different types of water filters. There activated carbon filters, reverse osmosis filters, ion exchange filters, and distillation filters. An activated carbon filter is the most common kind of water filter, and it uses activated carbon granules (sometimes called active carbon or AC) based on charcoal that have tiny nooks and crannies that absorb certain impurities. They do not, however, take care of hard water (water with minerals such as calcium that cause limescale in your pipes), so you would have to get a water softener for this issue. Fortunately, there are plenty of water softeners that can help fix these issues.. They also do not remove heavy metals, sodium, nitrates, fluorine, or microbes.
The next kind of water filter is the reverse osmosis filter. You need a decent level of water pressure for this system. A reverse osmosis system uses a reverse osmosis filter (also known as RO filters) that works by pushing the contaminated water from your water line through a semi-permeable membrane, improving the water quality of the water that comes out the other side. This type of filter, however, does produce a high amount of wastewater. It is also not very effective at removing bacteria, so you might want to complement it with an ultraviolet filter as well.
The ion exchange filter is the best at taking care of hard water. They split apart atoms of a contaminant and make ions, which they then trap and release back into the water as better, less harmful ions. You do, however, have to fill these types of products with salt, which can get expensive and time-consuming. Finally, the last type of water filter is the distillation filter. Distillation filters boil the water at a temperature high enough for the water to boil but not the impurities in it. At this point, the steam is turned back into a liquid while the contaminants stay behind. However, some, such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs) boil at a lower temperature so they do not get filtered out.
How Do You Choose The Right Water Filter For Your Home?
Getting the proper water filtration system for your home is undeniably important. You will waste money and energy if you get a bigger one than you are supposed to, you will not get enough contaminants (or enough of the specific contaminants you need filtering) filtered, you will have too low a water flow rate. This is why we have created this quick and easy guide that lets you know the perfect water filter to choose from by using these six simple concepts:
- Contaminant Filtration Capability
- System Type and Size
- Water Capacity
- Flow Rate
Contaminant Filtration Capability
As we have discussed further up in this article, there are several kinds of harmful contaminants that can be found in your water. Depending on where you get your water from, you might have more or less of them. Municipal water tends to be more biologically safe than well water, while well water is more likely to have harmful agricultural and industrial chemicals.
There are some ways through which you can figure out what exactly is in your water. Once you have done that, you can specifically tailor the water filter to the type of contaminants you have. If you get your water supply through your city, then all you would need to do is contact your local water treatment authority. The EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) mandates that every public water supplier publish an annual water quality report, which is known as a Consumer Confidence Report, so you can see exactly what kind of water you have where you live. If you get your water through a well, then you can get a water testing kit (DIY kits) over the counter in most places and you can send the samples to an independent lab that will test them for you and send you the results.
System Type and Size of Water Filters
Now what you would have to figure out is how big you want this filter to be, and what kind of filter you would like. Do you want filtered water in your kitchen only? Are you only concerned about the water you drink and have a small household? Or are you gonna go ahead and get your whole house’s water treated?
Water filter pitchers and faucet mount filters are the smallest on the market. Water filter pitchers are useful since you can put them in the fridge and you can take them to different places if you need to.
Faucet-mounted filters, as the name suggests, are installed within your faucet to give you clean water straight from the tap.
Countertop water filters vary in size and capacity, as do under-sink water filters (sometimes called under counter water filters also). Countertop water filters take up a little more space but take fewer connections and less time installing, while under sink water filters save you space yet have to be connected to your fixtures.
If you are looking for the most powerful stuff on the market, however, you will want to go with a whole house filter. These can take care of every single faucet and dispenser in your home and make sure you never have to deal with contaminated water ever again.
Water Filter Water Capacity
The water capacity of a water filter refers to the number of gallons that it can filter through before you have to change them. As expected, water pitcher cartridges, as well as faucet-mounted filters, have the lowest water capacity and will not last longer than a few months. Countertop and under sink water filter cartridges have a higher water capacity, yet you often have different types of pre-filters for specific contaminants such as sediment and iron that you might also have to take care of more often than the regular filters. Whole house water filter systems are, unsurprisingly, the ones that require the least frequent replacements. The less often you have to replace your filters, the least maintenance you have to do on your product, and the least you spend on it every year.
Flow Rate of Water Filters
The water flow rate of a water filter describes the amount of time that it takes for the water to travel through the filtration system to the tap. It is measured in gallons per minute (often shortened to GPM) and it tells you how fast a filter system is. You will need to know how high of a flow rate you will need. For example, if you want to be able to flush the toilet and take a shower and the flow rate you need for both those activities combined is around 5 gallons per minute, then you will need a product that has that high of a flow rate at least. On the other hand, if you are getting a water filter pitcher or a single faucet-mounted system, then you might not mind even if your cup takes a little bit longer to fill.
Types of Water Filters
While it is difficult to understand at times the exact quality of a specific filter since the amount (as well as the types) of contaminants differ depending on the water supply. Ideally, you will want to look for those that are NSF (National Science Foundation) certified. You will also want to look for multi-layer filters that remove particles starting with the largest ones first (you may also look for a filter with sediment pre-filters) and the smallest ones last, to avoid having the larger particles accidentally clog the smaller holes and lowering your filter life.
Costs of Water Filters
When purchasing a water filter system, it is important to keep in mind that you are not only paying the original price, but you are also going to incur maintenance costs every year by buying replacement filters.
If you are buying smaller, cheaper filter systems such as a pitcher filter or a faucet-mounted filter, then you will have a higher annual maintenance cost since the filters only last a few months. If you decide to buy a larger filtration system, such as the countertop or the under sink types, then you will have a higher cost originally, but spend less money on maintenance at the end of the year.
You can also check out our article that details exactly how much your water filter should cost, and how to offset some unnecessary costs too.
Thanks for reading!